On 22 October 2013, the 13MW 1st phase of the solar park became operational. The project uses 152,000 photovoltaic cells connected to 13 step-up transformers in inverter buildings. The output voltage is transformed to 33 kilovolts and generates over 28 million kilowatt-hours of electricity annually. It decreases carbon emissions by 15,000 tonnes annually.
On 20 March 2017, HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum inaugurated the 200MW second phase of the solar park. It is the first and largest project of its kind in the region, based on the IPP model. It was implemented in partnership with the consortium led by ACWA Power from Saudi Arabia (main developer) and Spain’s TSK (main contractor), with an investment of AED 1.2 billion. The efforts of Shuaa Energy 1, which was established by DEWA and the consortium led by ACWA Power and TSK, have been vital in completing the work efficiently and professionally, with 1.5 million Safe Man Hours without Lost Time Injury.
The second phase generates clean energy for 50,000 residences in Dubai and reduces 214,000 tonnes of carbon emissions each year. This phase installed 2.3 million photovoltaic solar panels over 4.5 square kilometres. DEWA set a world record, obtaining the lowest price globally for the second phase of the solar park, at USD 5.6 cents per kilowatt hour at the time of the bid.
The 800MW third phase of the solar park using photovoltaic solar panels became operational in 2020.
In June 2016, DEWA announced the Abu Dubai Future Energy Company (Masdar) led consortium as selected bidder for the 800MW third phase of the solar park using photovoltaic solar panels. The consortium bid the lowest cost of electricity of USD 2.99 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh), to be constructed based on the IPP model.
This phase is the first of its kind in the Middle East and North Africa, with an advanced solar tracking system that increases generation by 20%-30%, compared to fixed installations , this project has 3 million modules with advanced photovoltaic technologies
The third phase generates clean energy for over 240,000 residences in Dubai and reduces around 1.055 million tonnes of carbon emissions a year.
The fourth phase of the solar park is the largest single-site solar IPP project in the world that combines CSP and photovoltaic technology. The phase use three technologies to produce 950 megawatts (MW) of clean energy. It will use 700MW of CSP; 600MW from a parabolic basin complex and 100MW from a solar tower; and 250MW from photovoltaic solar panels.
The project includes the world's tallest 262.44 metre solar tower and the world's largest global thermal storage capacity of 15 hours: allowing for energy availability round the clock. This phase will provide clean energy for 320,000 residences and will reduce 1.6 million tonnes of carbon emissions annually.